[Pw_forum] Bond dissociation energy of CO (gas-phase)

Ameya Joshi ajoshi at mines.edu
Wed Sep 6 23:45:58 CEST 2006

Hi all,

I'm a recent convert to Espresso. I've computed the bond dissociation energy (BDE) of the CO molecule ( CO --> C + O ) using several available pseudos for C and O, but do not find good agreement with the experimental value of 256 kcal/mol. Attached, please find a summary of the calculations using the various pseudos. 

Most calculations overpredict the BDE  by almost 15 kcal/mol, while the one using the BLYP pseudo underpredicts it by 11.6 kcal/mol. The BDE obtained using the pseudos included in example03 and that using the PZ (LDA) pseudo give the worst result (almost 40 kcal/mol too high). For reference, I have also included the value obtained by using CASTEP and the PW91 functional, which yields a value within 5 kcal/mol of the experimental value. 

I'd like to clarify that I am using the triplet states for both O and C in these calculations. I realize that there might be some errors in my input files, so include a typical input file towards the end of this mail. (the only change in the other files is the name of the pseudo) 

Finally, I'd like to share my ultimate motive behind these calculations - I'm looking to calculate the binding energies of small molecules on nickel surfaces. I find that in case of CO, the binding energy is lower by about 15 kcal/mol - the same difference as the BDE - as compared to CASTEP. So my guess is that the absolute energy of CO molecule is not being calculated correctly with my current settings.

Any thoughts will be appreciated. Also, I should add that I have browsed the archive carefully and found no reference to this or similar problems there, but apologize if I've missed any relevant information (in which case please give a pointer to that discussion thread). 

Input file


calculation = "relax",

prefix = "CO",

pseudo_dir = "c:/Ameya/Espresso/espresso-3.1.1/pseudo",

outdir = "c:/Ameya/Espresso/espresso-3.1.1/tmp",



ibrav = 1,

celldm(1) = 20.D0, 

nat = 2, 

ntyp = 2,

ecutwfc = 29.105D0,

ecutrho = 144.D0,



conv_thr = 1.D-7,

mixing_beta = 0.7D0,



pot_extrapolation = "second_order",

wfc_extrapolation = "second_order",



O 16.00 O.pbe-van_bm.UPF

C 12.01 C.pbe-van_bm.UPF


C 0.000 0.0 0.000

O 0.000 0.0 1.100 

K_POINTS {Gamma}

End of Input file

Ameya Joshi, Postdoc
Chemical Engineering Department
Colorado School of Mines 
Ph. (303)-273-3192
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